http://www.nber. org/papers/ w14790
Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Following Smoking Bans
Kanaka D. Shetty, Thomas DeLeire, Chapin White, Jayanta Bhattacharya
NBER Working Paper No. 14790
Issued in March 2009
NBER Program(s): HC HE
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U.S. state and local governments are increasingly restricting . This paper analyzes nationally representative databases, including the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, to compare short-term changes in mortality and hospitalization rates in smoking-restricted regions with control regions. In contrast with smaller regional studies, we find that workplace bans are not associated with statistically significant short-term declines in mortality or hospital admissions for myocardial infarction or other diseases. An analysis simulating smaller studies using subsamples reveals that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a workplace ban are as common as the large decreases reported in the published literature.